Zain, the Kuwait-based pan-Arab mobile phone network, is trying again to launch in Syria.
After last year’s botched takeover of Syriatel, the company is now in talks with the Syrian government to bid for the third Syrian mobile license.
There are currently two operators: Syrian-owned Syriatel, and South African network MTN. Zain offers free calls between subscribers – even if they are on a Zain network in another country. But the Kuwaitis face tough competition for that new license from Turkish giant Turkcell.